Chapter 7 notes

The study of property testing was initiated by Rubinfeld and Sudan [RS96] and significantly expanded by Goldreich, Goldwasser, and Ron [GGR98]; the stricter notion of local testability was introduced (in the context of error-correcting codes) by Friedl and Sudan [FS95]. The first local tester for dictatorship was given by Bellare, Goldreich, and Sudan [BGS95,BGS98] (as [...]

§7.2: Probabilistically checkable proofs of proximity

In the previous section we saw that every subproperty of the dictatorship property has a $3$-query local tester. In this section we will show that any property whatsoever has a $3$-query local tester — if an appropriate “proof” is provided.