§11.3: Borell’s Isoperimetric Theorem

If we believe that the Majority Is Stablest Theorem should be true, then we also have to believe in its “Gaussian special case”. Let’s see what this Gaussian special case is.


§5.5: Highlight: Peres’s Theorem

Theorem 14 says that if $f$ is an unbiased linear threshold function $f(x) = \mathrm{sgn}(a_1 x_1 + \cdots + a_n x_n)$ in which all $a_i$’s are “small” then the noise stability $\mathbf{Stab}_\rho[f]$ is at least (roughly) $\frac{2}{\pi} \arcsin \rho$. Rephrasing in terms of noise sensitivity, this means $\mathbf{NS}_\delta[f]$ is at most (roughly) $\tfrac{2}{\pi} \sqrt{\delta} [...]

§2.4: Noise stability

Suppose $f : \{-1,1\}^n \to \{-1,1\}$ is a voting rule for a $2$-candidate election. Making the impartial culture assumption, the $n$ voters independently and uniformly randomly choose their votes ${\boldsymbol{x}} = ({\boldsymbol{x}}_1, \dots, {\boldsymbol{x}}_n)$. Now imagine that when each voter goes to the ballot box there is some chance that their vote is misrecorded.