§7.4: Highlight: Håstad’s hardness theorems

In Theorem 36 we saw that it is $\mathsf{NP}$-hard to $(1-\delta_0, 1)$-approximate Max-E$3$Sat for some positive but inexplicit constant $\delta_0$. You might wonder how large $\delta_0$ can be. The natural limit here is $\frac18$ because there is a very simple algorithm which satisfies a $\frac78$-fraction of the constraints in any Max-E$3$Sat instance: