Home Networking Security Cloud Computing The Last Lecture Programming Languages AI

1. Can you give both an operational and a philosophical definition of AI? Philosophical AI --> The ability of a computer or other machine to perform those activities that are normally thought to require intelligence. Operational --> The branch of computer science concerned with the development of machines having this ability. AI definitions So far we have been proceeding as if we have a firm and precise grasp of the nature of AI. But what exactly is AI? Philosophers arguably know better than anyone that precisely defining a particular discipline to the satisfaction of all relevant parties (including those working in the discipline itself) can be acutely challenging. Philosophers of science certainly have proposed credible accounts of what constitutes at least the general shape and texture of a given field of science and/or engineering, but what exactly is the agreed-upon definition of physics? What about biology? What, for that matter, is philosophy, exactly? These are remarkably difficult, maybe even eternally unanswerable, questions, especially if the target is a consensus definition. Perhaps the most prudent course we can manage here under obvious space constraints is to present in encapsulated form some proposed definitions of AI. We do include a glimpse of recent attempts to define AI in detailed, rigorous fashion (and we suspect that such attempts will be of interest to philosophers of science, and those interested in this sub-area of philosophy). Russell and Norvig (1995, 2002, 2009), in their aforementioned AIMA text, provide a set of possible answers to the “What is AI?” question that has considerable currency in the field itself. These answers all assume that AI should be defined in terms of its goals: - a candidate definition thus has the form “AI is the field that aims at building …” The answers all fall under a quartet of types placed along two dimensions. One dimension is whether the goal is to match human performance, or, instead, ideal rationality. The other dimension is whether the goal is to build systems that reason/think, or rather systems that act. The situation is summed up in this table:

2. Can you name at least three different sub techniques of AI? - Analytical - Human-inspired - Humanized artificial intelligence

3. AI has been around for about 70 years. Why is it booming right now? Increased computing power!

4. Can you name at least three application sectors where robots are being largely employed? What are the reasons? - Industry automation - Video Games - Government Facial Recognition softwares - Finance and Economics

Can you identify three potential challenges for a wheeled autonomous robot that would perform a 24th surveillance task in a large facility? - Autonomous weapons - Decreased Demand of human labor - Machine ethics - Robot rights

Links Wikipedia on AI Stanford AI