The Eighth U.S.-Korea Forum on Nanotechnology:
of the Eighth U.S.-Korea Forum on Nanotechnology:
Adopted on April 5, 2011
The past decade in scientific development has been characterized by mutual and interdisciplinary research initiatives to achieve rapid and sustainable progress. To this purpose, the United States and Korea have been vigorously encouraging a common platform for the exchange of ideas in nanotechnology through our Forums, set up by the recommendations made by the Korea-US joint committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (held on October 30 & 31, 2002 in Seoul).
Our Forums have been extremely successful in providing a common platform for effective networking between research communities and industries in both countries by identifying key areas in nanotechnology which generate huge impact. This is evident from major collaboration initiatives established via our efforts and we believe that organizing this Forum has significantly expedited the generation of cutting edge technologies in critical areas in both countries.
The first Forum, held in Seoul during October 14 & 15, 2003, was attended by 250 participants from both countries and covered a broad range of nano-research areas. The second Forum, held in Los Angeles during February 17th and 18th, 2005, and was attended by 32 experts, was a topical meeting that focused on nano-manufacturing and educational program development in nanotechnology. The third Forum, held in Seoul on April 3rd & 4th, 2006, which was attended by 150 participants, focused on active devices and systems research in nanotechnology. The fourth Forum, held on April 26th & 27th, 2007 held in Honolulu, focused on the environmental, health, and safety (EHS) implications of nanotechnology and was attended by 36 experts. The fifth Forum dealt with the emerging area of nano-biotechnology focusing on nano-biomaterials, instrumentation technologies, and integrated systems for overcoming critical challenges in biomedicine and delivery of healthcare as well as their EHS and toxicity issues. This Forum was held in Jeju Island, Korea on April 17th & 18th, 2008, and was attended by 44 experts. The sixth Forum held in Las Vegas on April 28th & 29th attended by 39 scientists, dealt with the emerging area of nano-electronics with emphasis on fundamentals as well as integration of broad research topics. The seventh Forum, which was held in Seoul on April 5th & 6th attended by 150 participants focused on the fundamentals of energy convergence of nanotechnology incorporating alternative energy resources.
The (present) eighth Forum held at Caltech on April 4th & 5th participated by 41 eminent scientists and policy makers in the field of nanotechnology along with 20 nanoscience experts present in audience, focused on nanotechnology convergence in sustainability to address current crippling problems faced by an ever increasing global population with an emphasis on environmentally friendly technologies for the future. The lecture room was Beckman Institute Auditorium where former president Bill Clinton gave his famous speech a decade ago, which initiated National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI).
The following are the general recommendations of this Forum to ensure the partnership between the two countries for the continued success in nanotechnology research:
(1) The Forum will provide a common ground for researchers, educators, and administrators at all levels in both countries to share their experiences and expertise to enhance partnership in the field of nanotechnology.
(2) Identification of host centers to initiate collaborative research as well as to establish exchange programs for the early-career researchers in a global environment.
(3) Identify and foster the supporting mechanism for exchange of Forum participants by utilizing their expertise via seminar series (for senior participants) and research lab tours (for junior scientists) one to two days immediately after the Forum. Funding for extended stay after the Forum for collaborative global research activity should be available.
(4) The future collaboration activities and policy making will use the long term strategy outlined in the report “Nanotechnology Research Directions for Societal needs in 2020: Summary of International Study (NSF/WTEC study; 2010, www.wtec.org/nano2/)” as a reference, with a special focus on (a) methods and tools for investigation, synthesis and manufacturing in sustainable processes, (b) responsible and effective management to realize the full potential of nano-manufacturing, and (c) investing in physical infrastructure including education and governance of nanotechnology for societal benefit.
(5) Sustainability research often leaves out energy technology, and energy technology leaves out people, and as a result, the social context is lost. Therefore, the upcoming Forums could focus on developing a novel integrated innovation model by engaging with the public and creating huge social implications.
(6) These Forums have been successful in generating close collaborations among small groups so far. In order to have a global impact in the future, bringing together many multi-disciplinary teams to create a major integrated project is necessary, for example, establishment of a “U.S.-Korea Integrated Nanotechnology Center” is recommended.
The following are the recommendations presented by the two sub–groups:
Group 1 (Water reuse and desalination)
Extraction of water
Extraction of salts
- Embedding multifunctional materials that carry out many functional tasks instead of performing catalysis, separation, and other processes separately
- In this regard, reactive membranes have limitations: reactivity vs. fast flow rate, for example
- Example mechanisms include humidifier and CO2 capture
- Underlying assumption: Eco-system may be hampered
Nanomaterials: Points of consideration
- Technology required: unique sensors and nanoparticle removal from water
- Need materials for particular contaminants which are selectively reactive
- Manufacture of materials which are tailor-made for applications (design of knowledge based processes)
- Designing membranes is an art, but a real understanding of how to develop such specialized functionalities via manipulating underlying chemistry is critical, for example, controlling pore size distribution for mono-disperse membranes
- Ion exchange membranes: Feasibility of extracting water vs. extracting ions.
- Current issue: carbon nanotube (CNT) vs. graphene –CNT is permeable to water although it is hydrophobic, which is counter-intuitive. Possible solutions include hydrophilic ionic polymers as an active layer or hydrophilic inorganic materials
- $ 100, 000/year for exchanging students
through Korea Research Foundation (KRF)
- U.S. has to match the funds
- Establishment of the “U.S.-Korea Interdisciplinary Center”
Group 2 (Greenhouse gas capture & conversion and sustainable natural resources)
CO2 conversion issue
Nanotechnology convergence in sustainability
Role of the scientific community on the societal impact of nanotech and CO2 issue